The Jews of Częstochowa (1947)

Czenstochower Yidn

This Yizkor Book was published in New York, in 1947, by the United Czenstochower Relief Committee & Ladies Auxiliary. In all probability, it is the second Yizkor Book, relating to Częstochowa, to be published after the War, second only to Adam Zilbersztajn’s The Ghettoes – Warsaw, Częstochowa. So that, to the book’s contributors, their memories would still be very fresh.

According to this Yizkor Book’s Editorial Committee:

The “Kehilla” of 30,000 Jewish souls in Częstochowa, with the exception of a small remnant, shared the fate of the 3,500,000 Polish Jews and of the six million Jewish victims of Nazism and Fascism in Europe. Yet our book, “Czenstochower Yidn”, was not created as a stone “matzevah” in the cemetery of Jewish Częstochowa, but as a “Book of Life”.

The writing of this “Book of Life”, about all of the generations and layers of Jewish population who struggled and who created our home city, was our duty. The memory of Jewish Częstochowa has been sanctified a thousand-fold by the martyred deaths of our brothers and sisters.

Our “Book of Life”, “Czenstochower Yidn” is also our “Book of Lineage”. The Częstochowa neighbourhood, which was built and inhabited by Jews, is now either utterly ruined or settled by non-Jews. A large number of institutions, which were the pride of the Jewish community, will most likely be taken over by strangers. All the Jewish streets, all the Jewish houses, all Jewish institutions belong to us. We will always take pride in them and honour those who created them.


This Yizkor book is currently being professionally translated into English.
As articles are translated, they are added to this page, so
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The professional English translation of this Yizkor book has been made possible by the financial support of the

Wolf Rajcher z”l and Dora Rajcher z”l were both Holocaust survivors from Częstochowa.

They were prisoners in both the “Big Ghetto” and the “Small Ghetto” and, until liberation, were slave labourers in HASAG-Pelcery. Following the War, they emigrated to Melbourne Australia.

Upon the passing of both his parents, their son, Andrew Rajcher, established this charitable fund in their memory.

Click on SECTION HEADINGS to reveal chapters.
Chapters are listed in the order in which they appear in the Yizkor Book.
(The numbers in brackets, after each article, correspond to the appropriate column numbers in the volume.)

Introduction (I-II)

Table of Contents (III-IV)

Foreword – from the Editorial Board (V-VI)

Preface – from the Editor (VII-XII)

Introduction (1-2)

Dr. Jakow Szacki: The Jews in Częstochowa to the First War World (3-31)

Ch. L. Szwarc: Częstochowa Becomes a City (32-46)

D.Bezbrodko: The Jews in Industry (47-50)

Dr.R.Mahler, J.Sz. Herc, A.Chrobolovsky: Professional Workers’ Unions (50-60)

A.Chrobolovsky: Professional Union of Commercial Employees (60-61)

A.Gotlib: The Craftsmen’s Union and Guilds (61-64)

A.Szymonowicz: The Craftsmen’s Ha’Chalutz (64-65)

A.Buchman: The Gardening School (66-68)

A.Gotlib: The Crafts School (68-70)

Chaja Wage-Rotman, A.Chrobolovsky, R.Federman: The I.L. Peretz Workers’ Kindergartens & Primary School  (70-77)

S.Wirstel: The Jewish Gymnazjum  (78-79)

A. Chrobolovsky: Evening Courses  (79-80)

P. Szmulewicz, A. Chrobolovsky: Lira & the Jewish Literary Society  (80-85)

A. Chrobolovsky: Jewish Libraries  (85-87)

W. Gliksman, A. Chrobolovsky, R. Federman: Yiddish Theatre in Częstochowa  (87-92)

A. Chrobolovsky, M. Ceszynski, R. Federman: The Yiddish Press  (92-101)

A. Chrobolovsky: The Jewish Sports Movement  (101-103)

A. Kaufman: The New Study-Hall (103-104)

Dr. Kohn-Kolin, F.Szmulewicz: Dobroczyność (105-107)

From the Częstochower Wochenblatt – 31st October 1913: The Jewish Hospital (107-108)

F.Szmulewicz: The Popular Bakery (109-110)

Dr. Kohn-Kolin: TOZ (110-111)

A. Chrobolovsky: Częstochower Cooperatives (111-111)

Pictures for the Article The I.L. Peretz Kindergartens & Primary School (112-112)

C.  Szpaltyn, F. Szmulewicz: The Relief Committee for Refugees from Germany (113-114)

Icek Gurski, S. Fajnrajch, Fajtel Szmulewicz, A. Chrobolovsky: SS (Zionist-Socialist Workers Party), Vereinigte”, “Independent” (115-122)

M. Fajnrajch: SS (Zionist-Socialist Workers Party) in the War Against the “Good Boys” (122-123)


ENGLISH TRANSLATION:

Dave Horowitz-Larochette


IMPORTANT NOTICE

While the English translation is available for download, it may not, either in part or as a whole, be distributed or published without the prior written permission of Andrew Rajcher, the copyright-holder of this English-language version of this Yizkor Book.