The Book of Częstochowa (1968) - Volume 1

Sefer Czenstochow

According to Dr.hab.Magdalena Ruta of the Department of Jewish Studies of the Jagiellonian University in Kraków:

In 1967-1968, a two-volume work was published in Jerusalem. In both Yiddish and Hebrew, it was entitled Sefer Czenstochow [The Book of Częstochow] and was edited by M. Szucman. Its contributors included such well-known names as Jakub Szacki (dec. 1956), Szlomo Waga and Dawid Koniecpoler.

The first volume contains articles about the history of the Jews in the city (by J. Szacki and Sz. Śpiwak), which were divided by topic: Jewish communal institutions in the 19th and 20th centuries, political movements, charitable institutions, commercial life, education and culture, religious life, as well as portraits of individuals associated with the religious life. Pages 637-760 contain the memoirs photographs of people associated with the city.

The second volume is devoted to the Holocaust and the functioning of the ghetto, e.g. religious life, the children, party organisations, etc. Other wartime topics include deportations to Treblinka, the mass murders, Polish-Jewish relations (e.g. the chapter entitled Mencsclecher tat fun a poilisher froi [The Humane Response of a Polish Woman] by Szmuel Niski), the resistance and uprising in HASAG, Jews in the city following liberation, portraits of Częstochowa Jewish activists in the diaspora, landsmannschaften in Israel, the USA, Canada, Argentina, Australia and Paris. The book contains the memoirs of individual people (pp. 285−325), including shorts texts about the co-authors of previous memorial books – E. Chrobołowski, Rafael Federman, Prof. Wolf Lesław and Josef Kojfman. A part of the book is devoted to neighbouring Jewish  communities in Krzepice, Żarki, Kłobuck, Lelów, Kamyk, Janów, Olsztyn, Mstów, Pajęczno and Koniecpol. The illustrated material includes pictures of the city, people and activities, copies of various documents, as well as maps.

There is no English translation of this book. [Webmaster: until NOW!]


both complete volumes of this Yizkor book
have now been PROFESSIONALLY translated into English.

The professional English translation of this two-volume Yizkor book has been made possible by the financial support of the

Wolf Rajcher z”l and Dora Rajcher z”l were both Holocaust survivors from Częstochowa.

They were prisoners in both the “Big Ghetto” and the “Small Ghetto” and, until liberation, were slave labourers in HASAG-Pelcery. Following the War, they emigrated to Melbourne Australia.

Upon the passing of both his parents, their son, Andrew Rajcher, established this charitable fund in their memory.


Click on SECTION HEADINGS to reveal chapters.
Chapters are listed in the order in which they appear in the Yizkor Book.
(The numbers in brackets, after each article, correspond to the appropriate column numbers in the volume.)

Introduction (9-20)

The Editorial Committee: Preface (21-24)

The Book Committee: On the “Monograph” That Was Never Written (25-28)

Dr. Yaakov Shatzky: The Jews in Częstochowa to World War I (33-72)

S. Śpiewak: The Jews in Częstochowa – a Little History (73-106)

S. Śpiewak: A Little History Page on the Częstochowa Jewish Community in the 19th Century (105-110)

The Book Committee: The Building of the Old Study-Hall – a Historical Chapter (109-112)

The Book Committee: Częstochowa Jews Fight for Their Rights (111-116)

David Koniecpoler: Our Community and Its Institutions in the Last Generation Before Its Destruction (121-134)

Ezriel Ben-Moshe: The Last Municipal Elections – Before WWII (133-136)

M. C. Tiberg: The “Chevra Kadisha” (135-140)

Dr. W. Gliksman: The Czêstochowa Jewish Community in 1856 (139-142)

Cz. C.: The Rabbi of Częstochowa Makes Peace (143-148)

A. G-B.: Our New Mikvah (147-148)

Israel Buchman: My Memories of the 1935 City Council Elections (149-150)

Dr. W. Gliksman: The Kehilla and Its Activities (151-156)

Dawid Koniecpoler: From My Memories of the Zionist Organisation in Częstochowa (161-164)

The Book Committee: Documents on the History of Zionism in Częstochowa (163-174)

On the First Steps of the Zionist Movement in Our City – Excerpts From the Press (175-184)

Zionist Organisation Events in Our City  –Collected from the “Ha’Tzfira” Newspaper in 1918 (183-188)

Naftali Grebowski: A Bunch of Flowers
– in Commemoration of “Keren Hayesod” Public Figures in Częstochowa (189-192)

Sz. Oderberg: Zionist Youth in Częstochowa (193-196)

Jakob Leslau: The History of “Ha’Mizrachi” in Częstochowa  (197-200)

Jakob Leslau: The “Tzeirei Ha’Mizrachi” Organisation in Częstochowa (201-206)

Sz.Z.Shragai: A City and Mother in Israel! – of Częstochowa that is no more (207-212)

Mojsze Chaim Tiberg: “Ha’Chalutz Ha’Mizrachi” in Częstochowa (211-218)

Izaak Kac: On Religious Zionist Youth in Częstochowa (217-218)

Pinchas [Pinkus] Michałowicz: The “Religious Craftsmen’s Center” Branch in Częstochowa (219-220)

Ezriel Ben-Moshe: The Poalei-Zion (Right) Party in Częstochowa (221-226)

Ezriel Ben-Moshe: The Zionist Labour Party “Hitachdut” in Częstochowa (225-228)

Ezriel Ben-Moshe: The Revisionist Zionist Movement in Częstochowa (227-230)

Ezriel Ben-Moshe: The State Party Movement (231-232)

Z.K.: The Trumpeldor Youth Alliance (Betar) in Częstochowa (233-238)

Chaim Landau: “Ha’Shomer Ha’Tzair” in Częstochowa (237-244)

Juda Cymerman : The “Gordonia” Movement in Częstochowa (243-246)

Noach Edelist : “Agudas Yisroel” in Częstochowa (247-250)

Lipman Rajcher: The “Poalei Agudas Yisroel” Organisation (249-250)

Lipman Rajcher: “Bnos Agudas Yisroel” (251-252)

The Book Committee: Częstochowa at the Time of the Opening of the Hebrew University in Jerusalem (253-256)

Rabbi Nachum Asz z”l: “For Out of Zion Shall Go Forth the Torah” (257-262)

The Book Committee: Zionist News from the Past Year (263-266)

The Book Committee: The Great 1925 “Keren Ha’Yesod” Fundraiser in Częstochowa (265-270)

A “Keren Kayemeth Le’Israel” Forest in Memory of Marshall Józef Piłsudski (271-274)

Abram Szymonowicz: “The Craftsmen’s Ha’Chalutz” in Częstochowa (275-278)

Jakub Chuna Plai (Filik): The Formation of the National-Religious Movement in Częstochowa (277-284)

The Book Committee: Częstochowa Farewells Its Pioneers – November 1924 (285-288)

E. Ben-Moshe: The Horticultural Farm in Częstochowa (289-292)

Abram Gotlib: The “Poalei Zion” Party in Częstochowa (291-298)

Abram Brum: A Bundle of Memories About the Left “Poalei Zion” in Częstochowa (299-306)

Mojsze Oderberg: Częstochowa Takes in Party Leaders (307-310)

Mojsze Oderberg: Party-Discipline and My Experiences in My Young Years (309-312)

Majer Fajnrajch: The Renaissance of the Jewish Worker in Częstochowa (311-316)

Elkune Chrobołowski z’’lThe “S.S.” (Zionist Socialist Party) in Częstochowa (315-324)

Abram Gotlib: The Jewish Labour Party “Bund” (323-332)

Adam Sztajnbrecher: Jews in the Communist Movement (333-346)

Professor Ch. Z. Hirszberg: From a Notebook of Memoirs on the Expulsion at Zbąszyń (353-356)

Dr Sz. Kaminski z’’l: A Kitchen for Jewish Soldiers in the Polish Army (355-360)

The Book Committee: Charitable Institutions in Our City (359-362)

The Book Committee: The “Dobroczynność” Philanthropic Society (363-372)

Izrail Buchman: The Jewish Hospital’s Financial Crisis (371-374)

Godl Frajtag: The “Tomchei Ani’im” [Supporters of the Poor] Society (373-376)

The Book Committee: The “Beis Lechem” [House of Bread] Institution (375-378)

The Book Committee: The “TOZ” Society (379-384)

The Book Committee: “Gmilus Chassodim” Funds (385-386)

The Book Committee: The “Malbish Arumim” Society (387-388)

Sz. Niski: The “Hachnoses Kallah” Society (387-390)

The Book Committee: The “Linas Ha’Tzedek” Society (389-390)

The Book Committee: The “Ezra” Women’s Society (391-392)

E.Ben-Moshe: The “Hachnoses Orchim” Society (391-394)

Jakób Lewit: Industry in Częstochowa – Its Creation and Development (401-414)

The Book Committee: The Merchants and Manufacturers Union (415-418)

The Book Committee: The Boycott Instigated Against Jewish Commerce (417-422)

T.C.: Jews Conquer Zawodzie (423-424)

The Book Committee: Banks in Częstochowa (423-428)

A. Gotlib: The Craftsmen’s Union and Its Guilds (427-436)

The Book Committee: The Retailers’ Union (435-438)

The Book Committee: The Municipal Mortgage Bank – “The Credit Society” (437-440)

E. Ben-Moshe: The “Lira” Society of Music and Culture (445-448)

The Book Committee: Libraries and Reading Rooms (447-452)

Majer Horowicz: The Hebrew Gymnazijum [High School] (451-456)

Lipman Rajcher: The “Beis Yaakov” School for Girls (455-458)

The Book Committee: An Impressive Chanukah Evening at the Hebrew Gymnazijum (459-462)

The Book Committee: Dr. Axer’s Gymnazijum (463-466)

The Book Committee: A Celebration at the Zofja Wajnsztok School (465-468)

A. Gotlib and M. Fajnrajch: The Crafts School (467-474)

The Book Committee: Supplementary Courses at the Craftsmen’s Union’s Trade School (473-476)

The Book Committee: The ORT Organisation (475-478)

The Book Committee: The Judaic Institute (477-480)

The Book Committee: I.L. Peretz Educational Institutions (479-484)

The Book Committee: The Jewish Society for Knowledge of the Country (483-486)

Szeftel Zak: Jewish Theatre (487-492)

Fiszel Blumenkranc: A Few Words About the Drama Circle (491-494)

E. Ben-Moshe: Our Jewish Press (493-500)

Chaim Birnholc: Sport and Sportsmen (501-520)

Jakób Chune Plai (Filik): Rabbis, Judges and Shamoshim (525-530)

Jakób Chune Plai (Filik): Rabbinical Judges (531-532)

The Book Committee: Shamoshim (531-536)

The Book Committee: Synagogues, Study-Halls and Chassidic Shtieblech (535-538)

Z.D. Koplowicz: Beis Ha’Talmud at the Study-Hall (537-542)

The Book Committee: The Holy “Etz Chaim” Yeshivah at the Local Study-Hall (541-544)

Moshe Ben-Dov: From the Memoirs of a Yeshivah Student (543-546)

M.Ch.Badad: Częstochowa – a Source of Charity and Goodwill! (547-550)

Noach Edelist: The Machzikei Hadas Cheder (549-554)

Mojsze Chaim Tiberg: Cheders, Melamdim and Their Pupils (555-560)

Ch.Z.Rozen: Reb Mordka Jechiel Grin hy’’d (561-562)

Jakób Landsman: Reb Leizer Landsman hy’’d (561-562)

The Book Committee: List of the Melamdim and Cheders (563-566)

The Book Committee: The “Little Yom Kippur(567-568)

M.Sz. Geshuri: In Memoriam of the Rebbe, Reb Pinches Menachem Eluzor Justman ztz’’l (567-570)

Mojsze Dawid Wajcman: Reb Pinches Menachem Justman (569-572)

Izaak Zander: Reb Chanoch Henech Gad Justman hy’’d – the Rebbe of Pilica (571-576)

M.Sz.Geshuri: The Rebbe of Żarki – Reb Duwid Aron Twerski hy’’d (575-578)

M.Sz.Geshuri: The Rebbe Reb Awigdor Szapira ztz’’l (577-580)

M.Sz.Geshuri: Reb Szulim Rotenberg, the Rebbe of Wolbrom (579-580)

Ch.Z.Rozen: The Shtiebel of the Aleksander Chassidim (581-588)

Tzvi Józef Kaufman: The Shtiebel of the Otwock Chassidim (587-588)

Z.D. Koplowicz: The Shtieblech of the Ger Chassidim (587-592)

Icchok Majer Katz: From My Memories of the Gerer Shtiebel (591-594)

Mojsze Chaim Tiberg: The Shtiebel of the Stryków Chassidim (593-598)

Chaim Ben Shlomo: The Shtiebel of the Kromołów Chassidim (597-600)

Icchok Zander: The Shtiebel of the Radomsko Chassidim (599-602)

Izaak Jakobi: The Shtiebel of the Radoszyce Chassidim (603-606)

Jakób Chune Plai (Filik): The Shtiebel of the Szydłów Chassidim (605-608)

The Book Committee: A List of Rabbis and Religious Dignitaries Until the Holocaust (607-610)

The Book Committee: A Few of the Rabbi Reb Nachum Asz’s Witticisms (609-614)

The Book Committee: Some Details Regarding Religious Life (613-618)

Lipman Rajcher: The Pilcer Rebbe ztz’’l (617-620)

Ezriel Ben-Moshe: Simchas Torah with the Rebbe of Żarki z’’l (619-622)

E. Ben-Moshe (Jakubowicz): The Gerer Shtiebel at ul. Nadrzeczna 36 (621-624)

Szmul Frank z’’lAround the New Study-Hall (623-626)

E. Ben-Moshe: The Machzikei Hadas Cheder (627-636)

The Book Committee: The Rabbi and Prodigy Reb Nachum Asz z’’l (643-646)

The Book Committee: Rabbi Meier Henoch Iszajewicz z’’l (647-648)

A. G.-B.: Rabbi Mojsze Halter hy’’d (648-649)

The Book Committee: Rabbi Józef Szymon Koblenz z’’l (649-651)

The Book Committee: The Halachic Authority Reb Józef Prokosz z’’l (651-652)

T.K.: Director Henryk Markusfeld (651-659)

The Book Committee: Reb Szmul Goldsztajn hy’’d (659-660)

The Book Committee: Reb Chaim Weksler (660-661)

The Book Committee: Jakób Rozenberg (661-662)

The Book Committee: Bronisław Huberman (661-670)

Samuel Landman: Rabbi Jacob Samuel Zuri z’’l (669-677)

J.Guterman: Professor Perec Willenberg (678-682)

M.Sz.Geshuri: Reb Abram Ber Birenbaum z’’l (681-684)

The Book Committee: Professor I. Zaks (684-684))

M.Sz.G.: Edmund Sigman (684-685)

The Book Committee: Sculptor Arnold Monat (685-685)

D.K.: Natan Gerichter (685-686)

E. Ben-Moshe: Dr Arnold Bram hy’’d (686-686)

Z.D.K.: Abram Luzor Szajnfeld hy’’d (687-688)

The Book Committee: Felix (Fiszel) Szapira hy’’d (688-689)

D.K.: Anczel Warszawski (689-689)

The Book Committee: Reb Abram Henech Finkelsztajn (690-693)

D.K.: Dr Mering hy’’d (693-693)

Yeshayahu [Szaja] Landau: Ze’ev-Wolf Icek hy’’d (693-694)

D.K.: Szmul Niemirowski hy’’d (694-695)

Yeshayahu Landau: Professor Lauer hy’’d (695-695)

The Book Committee: Jakób Krak hy’’d (695-695)

Dawid Koniecpoler: Dr Hipolit Gajsler hy’’d (695-696)

Hala Szapira: Reb Icchok Majer Krel hy’’d (696-697)

J.C. Plai: Reb Srul Częstochowski (697-698)

L.Rajcher: Reb Michal Leib Mindycz (698-698)

N.E.: Reb Duwid Icchok Edelist (698-699)

D.K.: Maurycy Neufeld (699-702)

The Book Committee: Dr Józef Russ (702-702)

The Book Committee: Dr Ludwig Batawja (702-702)

D.K.: Engineer Assoro-Dobraj (703-703)

The Book Committee: Reb Icyk Menachem [Mendel] Epsztajn hy’’d (703-703)

The Book Committee: Chaim Wajnsztok hy’’d (703-704)

D.K.: Abram Działowski (704-704)

G.F.: Dawid Filipowicz (705-705)

D.K.: Józef Goldberg (705-705)

The Book Committee: Szlojme Krauskopf hy’’d (706-706)

The Book Committee: Salomea Sztarke hy’’d (706-707)

From the “Częstochower Zeitung”: S.B. Helman (707-707)

D.K.: Dr Zaks hy’’d (707-708)

The Book Committee: Dr Chaim Markowicz (708-708)

The Book Committee: Icek Rotholc -“Forfer(708-709)

The Book Committee: Reb Nachman Kryman (709-709)

Zvi Józef Kaufman: Reb Kasriel Lewenhof (709-710)

Yeshayahu Landau: Reb Dawid Pelc hy’’d (710-710)

The Book Committee: Reb Mosze Izrael Zomper (710-711)

J.Ch.Plai: Reb Mojsze Częstochowski (711-711)

The Book Committee: Reb Juda Leib [Lewek] Kantor (711-712)

Izaak Zander: Shoichet Reb Mojsze Zander (712-713)

S.B. Szancer: Shoichet Reb Mojsze Szancer hy’’d (713-714)

M.Sz.G.: Cantor Reb Zyskind [Ber] Rozental (714-715)

The Book Committee: Cantor Reb Abram Fiszel hy’’d (715-716)

The Book Committee: Cantor Józef Badasz (716-716)

The Book Committee: Cantor J. Cholewa hy’’d (716-717)

D.Koniecpoler: Reb Izaak Mendel Horowicz hy’’d (717-718)

A.B.: Zvi [Hersz] Granek (718-718)

Sz.Oderberg: The “Trio” Which Once Was and Its Remnants (719-720)

The Book Committee: Juda Leib Horowicz hy’’d (720-721)

The Book Committee: Reb Berl Bocian (722-722)

Ezriel Ben-Moshe (Jakubowicz): Editor Szmul Frank (722-724)

E. Ben-Moshe: A.Ch. Sziffer hy’’d (724-725)

E. Ben-Moshe: Fiszel Blumenkranc hy’’d (725-727)

E. Ben-Moshe: “Mister” Zeligfeld hy’’d (727-727)

Godl Frajtag: Aleksander Haftka (727-729)

J.Ch. Plai-Filik: Abram Nuchem Sztencel (729-730)

Yeshayahu [Szaja] Landau: Zvi Herszel Lipszyc hy’’d (731-731)

The Book Committee: Gerszon Prentki hy’’d (731-731)

G.P.: Józef Częstochowski (732-732)

A.G.-B.: Mojsze Gotlib (732-732)

The Book Committee: Henoch Lapides and Emanuel Bajgele (732-733)

The Book Committee: Fiszele Chiap hy’’d (733-734)

The Book Committee: The City’s Public Figures (734-734)

M.Ch.: Three of the City’s Oldest Families  – Szczupak, Szwarcbaum and Zilberszac (735-743)

Z.D. Koplowicz: The Family of Reb Józef Dziubas z’’l (743-748)

Yitzchak Alfasi: The Rotenberg Family in Częstochowa (748-750)

J.Ch. Plai-Filik & A.G.-B.: The Gotlib and Wargoń Families (750-754)

Janina Schleicher: Five Generations of the Kohn Family (754-760)

Ezriel Ben-Moshe: The Pogrom of 20th May 1919 (765-766)

A. Chrobołowski: The Bloody Tragedy (767-772)

The Book Committee: The Three-Day Pogrom – in May 1937 (771-774)

M.Ch. Tiberg: The Events of Sorrowful Days (773-774)

Ch.Z. Rozen: The “Repentant Sinner” (775-776)

Chaim Szymonowicz: The City’s Characters (775-778)

Mojsze Asz: Some “Regulations” of the Bygone “Tailors’ Society” (777-782)

Godl Frajtag: The First Jewish Kehilla – an Interesting Episode (781-784)

The Book Committee: The Jewish Combatants’ Union (783-784)

Chaim Szymonowicz: Fragments of Jewish Life (783-786)

Lipa Gutfrajnd: The First Concert – Old Memories (787-788)

Godl Frajtag: From My Memories (789-790)

M.Ch.T. : Simple Jews (789-796)

Elkune Chrobołowski : The Shriek of the Bird (797-800)

Zvi Rozenwajn: The Aleje [Avenues] of Częstochowa – Reflections (799-802)

Ester Rozental (Sznajderman): In Pusch’s Courtyard – Memories (801-808)

Ester Rozental (Sznajderman): The Miracle (807-812)

Ezriel Ben-Moshe (Jakubowicz): The Stary Rynek [Old Market] During the Day (811-818)

I. Elchunon [Chune] Plai-Filik: A Courtyard on Ulica Warszawska (817-820)

Dawid Koniecpoler: Jewish Częstochowa – on the Eve of the Second World War (819-834)

Table of Contents (835-840)

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Dave Horowitz-Larochette


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